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Types Of Seed Treatment
What Is Seed Treatment

What is Seed Treatment

Agriculture relies on the growth of seeds. They are the first stage in the lifecycle of a crop and if seeds fail to germinate, crops fail. Seeds face a lot of challenges from diseases to pests to environmental stresses. While seeds can overcome these on their own, the chances of success can be improved with seed enhancement. Seed treatment is one of the most effective ways to support the growth of seeds and reduce the challenges that they face.

Seed treatment refers to the application of biological, physical and chemical agents and techniques that can be applied to seeds to provide them protection. Seed treatment can also encourage healthy crops by improving their immunity and promoting uniform germination. While traditional crop protection methods that are applied on a broader level to the crops have their place, with seed treatment, the needs of every individual seed can be met. Seed treatment enhances the resistance of the seeds, making them stronger against pest attacks and stresses in their environment. Chemical or biological seed treatments can provide critical protection since the germination stage, protecting the emergence out of the soil and during the first stage of the crop cycle by preventing seeds against soil-borne pathogens, seed-borne insects, diseases, and pests.

Different Types of Seed Treatments

There are many types of commercial seed treatments available today. Depending on the need of the specific crops, farmers can pick a single or a combination of multiple seed treatments with chemicals or biological agents. Here are the different types of seed treatment -


  • Seeds are especially vulnerable to fungi in the early stages of growth and some fungi can be hard to combat on their own. Fungicide seed treatment can provide them protection and prevent fungal diseases.


  • Pests are another concern that farmers have to factor in while looking at the early stages of growth. Many insects target seeds and can damage them before they even germinate. Insecticide seed treatments can provide protection against such pests with the added benefit of having a lower concentration of chemicals than the pesticides applied to fully-grown crops.

Microbial Inoculants

  • Microbial inoculants are seed treatment products that can stimulate plant growth, promote soil biodiversity, and even address specific issues such as nitrogen fixation in legumes. With this beneficial microorganisms are delivered directly to the area where the plant interacts with the soil, which encourages growth.

Plant Growth Regulators

  • With plant growth regulators, seeds have additional assistance for germination and an enhanced tolerance for stresses during the critical early stages of growth. This seed treatment for germination is also helpful when seeds have to germinate in tough conditions.


  • Fertilizer seed treatments are another type of seed treatment that helps with plant growth. Seed treatments with biofertilizers can enhance fertilizer performance or supply micronutrients to the soil to enrich the growth environment for the seeds.

Advantages of Seed Treatment

There are many advantages of seed treatment that are making them popular with farmers. Some of these advantages are as follows:

  • Seed treatment protects seeds from insects & diseases

    One of the foremost advantages of seed treatment is the additional protection that it provides to the seeds. During the early stages of growth, it is critical that seeds don't fall prey to diseases or pests or else they will fail to germinate. With untreated seeds, there is also a chance of plant diseases spreading which is something that can be prevented when they are treated to improve their immunity.

  • Seed treatment controls soil insects

    Seed treatment is not only beneficial for seeds but also for the soil. It can control soil insects and also add much-needed nutrients and valuable microorganisms that help the plants grow.

  • Seed treatment improves germination

    Germination of a seed depends on a variety of factors but the chances of germination can be improved with seed treatment. Since seed treatment is equally applied to all the seeds, it can also promote uniform germination of the crop. Seed Treatments formulations are special and safe for crops and were designed in order to avoid any potential damage such as delay in germination or irregular emergence, neither phytotoxic effect than unappropiated formulations for other uses in the field may cause.

Modern seed treatments and seed processing has come a long way in the past few decades. More and more farmers are using commercial seed treatments in agriculture across the world. For some, pre-treated seeds are also an option that can be directly used without the need to apply the treatment yourself. The importance of seed treatment and its many benefits cannot be overlooked as they give farmers more opportunities to reduce the risk of failure for their crops.

UPL is one of the leading providers of seed treatments in the world. Our chemical and biological seed treatments can provide growers with broad-spectrum protection against pests and diseases while improving the overall crop yield. We are also making developments in the field of seed health and have seed treatment service programs in several countries that bring these latest technologies directly to the growers.


“UPL and its subsidiaries have made every attempt to ensure accuracy of the information provided on this website. However, this is a global webpage with access to different geographies for wider reach and greater awareness of UPL. In the course of doing the same, UPL has used Weglot translator plugin to cover the language of this website from English to select regional languages.

UPL therefore, does not accept any responsibility or liability on the nature, standard or the accuracy of the translation and cannot take responsibility for any type of inaccurate contextual meaning in the event of a mismatch from English to a regional language.”